Prof. Dr. Arumugam Manthiram
Sustainable Battery Chemistries for E-Mobility and Renewable Energy Storage
The rapid increase in global energy use and growing environmental concerns demand clean, sustainable, alternative energy technologies. Renewable energy sources like solar and wind are a promising solution, but efficient storage of electricity produced from them is critical as they are intermittent. Rechargeable batteries are the viable option for both renewable energy storage and electrification of transportation. However, their widespread adoption requires optimization of cost, cycle life, safety, energy density, power density, and environmental impact, all of which are directly linked to severe materials challenges. After providing a brief account of the current status, this presentation will focus on the development of sustainable battery chemistries and advanced materials for near-term and long-term battery technologies. Particularly, lithium- and sodium-based batteries that are free from expensive and scarcely available cobalt as well as those based on sulfur will be presented. The challenges of bulk and surface instability during charge-discharge cycling, advanced characterization methodologies to develop an in-depth understanding, and approaches to overcome the challenges will be presented.
Arumugam Manthiram is currently the Cockrell Family Regents Chair in Engineering and Director of the Texas Materials Institute and the Materials Science and Engineering Program at the University of Texas at Austin (UT-Austin). He received his Ph.D. degree in chemistry from the Indian Institute of Technology at Madras in 1981. After working as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Oxford and at UT-Austin, he became a faculty member in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at UT-Austin in 1991. Dr. Manthiram’s research is focused on rechargeable batteries and fuel cells. He has authored more than 850 journal articles with 77,000 citations and an h-index of 138. He is the Regional (USA) Editor of Solid State Ionics and an Associate Editor of Energy and Environmental Materials. He is a Fellow of Materials Research Society, Electrochemical Society, American Ceramic Society, Royal Society of Chemistry, American Association for the Advancement of Science, and World Academy of Materials and Manufacturing Engineering. He received the university-wide (one per year) Outstanding Graduate Teaching Award in 2012, the Battery Division Research Award from the Electrochemical Society in 2014, the Distinguished Alumnus Award of the Indian Institute of Technology Madras in 2015, the Billy and Claude R. Hocott Distinguished Centennial Engineering Research Award in 2016, the Henry B. Linford Award for Distinguished Teaching from the Electrochemical Society in 2020, and the International Battery Association Research Award in 2020. He is a Web of Science Highly Cited Researcher every year since 2017. He delivered the 2019 Chemistry Nobel Prize Lecture in Stockholm on behalf of Professor John Goodenough.